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Four Types Of Intellectual Property For Businesses

Four Types Of Intellectual Property For Businesses

What Is Intellectual Property?

Intellectual property (IP) comprises ideas, information, and knowledge. IP can be seen as the result and outcome of research in an academic context: “intellectual” because it is an innovative product and “proprietary” because it is consider a marketable product.

Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are specific legal claims that protect intellectual property owners. Intellectual property rights can be classified into the following main categories.


A patent is a legal monopoly valid for 20 years and granted to the patent office against the description of an invention and payment of royalties.

A patent position is destroyed by making the idea public before filing a patent application (except for a short grace period in the United States). Consider patenting before publication.


Copyrights apply to literary and dramatic works, artistic. And also, musical works, sound and video recordings, broadcasts, and cable transmissions.

Copyright is also the standard way to protect software, although some programs can be patented if they are part of an invention.

Copyright is creat automatically, does not have to be claimed, and exists 70 years after the author’s death.

Database on the right

Database rights apply to databases not protected by Copyright (only one European right; the maximum term is 15 years).

Correct design

Design law applies to aspects of the shape or configuration of an article. Unregistered design rights (e.g., computer chips) may protect internal or external features. The properties must be attractive and evaluated with the eye with exclusive designs. (The register design rights are covered for a maximum period of 25 years).


A trademark is a mark (logo) or another distinctive mark applied or associated with products or services and does not describe the products or services. (Once registered, the IPR trademark is unlimited.)

Confidential Information

All though Confidential information is the knowledge that only you have and that you have only disclosed under a confidentiality/nondisclosure agreement.

Four Types Of Intellectual Property

  • Copyright ©
  • Patents
  • trademark
  • Trade secrets

What Is Copyright

For there, According to Copyright. Gov’s copyright guide, “Copyright is a form of protection establish by Unit States law (Title 17, US Code) for authors of” original works of authorship. “Copyright protects writing, pictures, music, art. And also, other forms of intellectual creation. It means that if you have written or created something that you do not want to reuse without your permission, you have the Copyright in that work. If users want to use, reuse, or rearrange your work, they must first contact you to attribute it to you as the owner. And also, use it for any purpose they deem appropriate. There remains one exclusion to this rule, which is fair use. It can if anyone wishes to use any part of their work for educational, parody, commentary, or news.

What Are Patents

According to the Joint States Patent Office,” a patent for creation is the granting of property to the inventor.” Typically, this patent is valid for 20 years from when the inventor attempts to patent his invention by filling it with the US government. The list of things that can be patent is quite long and open to interpretation. Any new and helpful procedure, machine, manufacture, or composition of substances discovered, or any new and useful improvement thereof, may be patent.”

What Are The Trademark

According to the USPTO, a trademark is a “word, phrase, symbol, or design, or a combination thereof, which

identifies and distinguishes the origin of some goods from those of others. “If, for example, your company name is a logo or your company slogan, I can register as a trademark. The brand serves as a brand identification for your business or products. Images, slogans, and colors may be trademarks. For example, Tiffany Blue is a brand color that Tiffany & Co. uses in promotional materials and boxes, bags, and more.

What Are Trade Secrets

In general, any sensitive business information that gives a company a competitive advantage can be consider a trade secret. For example, Coca-Cola’s secret formula could be regard as a trade secret. Now, if you were to start a soft drinks business and make soft drinks identical to Coca-Cola, it would be a violation of Coca-Cola’s trade secret. And also, It is a typical example, but trade secrets can even be define as distribution methods (Walmart), sales methods, consumer information, advertising campaigns and strategies, a list of suppliers, a list of customers, and production methods. And also, Usually, trade secrets are reveal through corporate (industrial) espionage, breach of contract, or something as simple as leaving your prototype iPhone in a bar.

Also Read: What Is Space Computing? The Basics

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